Objectives of the Study
At present, the fundamental values of Western civilization are being questioned and confronted by value systems from other cultures. This is a situation that demands transcultural communication emphasizing a proactive approach, and seeking a common language
transcending many levels of cultural difference. This communication is based on assumptions that are inherent in all cultures simultaneously. The challenge of transcultural communication is not to create a universal culture, but to facilitate a dialogue that transcends the boundaries of ethnicity, religion, race, sex and social class. Transculturality, therefore, is the dialogue "in spite of" culture. This means that despite our differences, we can communicate together.
A prerequisite of this dialogue is respect for cultural differences and their variety. On the one hand it is necessary to avoid ethnocentrism. On the other hand, we need to embrace this attitude of cultural relativism without giving up our own cultural consciousness. Moreover,
we should recognize basic ethical principles that are widely shared in spite of cultural differences.
The above approach can succeed where the participants are to some extent identified with their own culture, while still ready to share and be enriched by the cultures of others. Rather than passively accepting multicultural differences, it is our aim to actively seek them out and embrace them.